Forget Bluetooth , It's time to switch to Superbeam | Wifi Direct - Share data at high speed

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Well , in case you owns an android and still uses Bluetooth to share videos , music or other files, you are not making best use of your android. Well Superbeam is a super software available for Android O.S  (version 2.3.3 and later )that enables you to transfer big files at enormously high data rates of upto 40-50 Mb/s.

Now compare the speed of bluetooth that has maximum speeds up to 200 kb/s and Superbeam that makes the data transfer in MB's.


What technology it uses ?

Superbeam transfers files at high speed between Android devices using WiFi direct technology. No need to add any passwords, just easily pair your device by adding QR codes and you are done.

Besides , Superbeam for Android, PC version of Superbeam is also available that is compatible with MAC , Linux and windows but it is not free.

Android Versions:




  •  Fast transfer speeds using WiFi direct
  • Transfer unlimited number of files between Android devices
  • O.S :  Android 2.3.3 and later
  • Light and dark color themes
  • Ad Free
  • PRO features

screenshot -superbeam

Also read:  How to share your WiFi / Broadband Internet connection using connectify Hotspot.

So , in case you don't have Superbeam installed on your Android , what are you waiting for get it now , just 3.4 MB app is very useful one.

In case you liked the post , feel free to like , share , Comment below.

Also read : Top Video Streaming Apps for Smartphones


Boot Process in Linux

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Ever wondered what happens when you power on your computer, what happens in the background till the time you see the linux login prompt.
This is a very common concept and frequently asked in interviews. This process will explain the basic stages  occurring during booting right from the power on to the point at which a login prompt appears.

The above figure shows the basic stages that occurs during boot process. Starts from BIOS stage , followed by MBR, GRUB , kernel , INIT and Runlevel.

Now i will elaborate all the sections:


  •  BIOS stands for Basic Input/output System. 
  • It is firmware interface or program. When  you turn on your computer , Microprocessor passes  control to BIOS  which is located at EPROM
  • It performs System Integrity Checks (Connected hardware integrity checks which is called POST : Power on self test) that assures proper functioning of attached devices.
  • Detects and initialize hardware
  • Determine the device to boot from , i.e. Cd-rom  or hard drive
  • In simple terms it prepares the system to load an Operating System and executes the  MBR boot loader.


  • It stands for Master boot Record
  • Located in the first sector of bootable disk. Typically /dev/hda or /dev/sda
  • Size of MBR is of 512 bytes and it has three components : 1. Primary Boot loader Program of 446 bytes , 2.  64 bytes for Partition table info 3.  MBR validation check in last 2 bytes
  • It contains info about GRUB  and executes GRUB Boot loader


  • GRUB stands for  Grand Unified Bootloader
  • GRUB configuration file is  /boot/grub/grub.conf
  • If there are more than one kernel images installed on computer, you can choose which one to be execute
  • It displays a Splash screen, waits for a few seconds , if you don't type anything it will load the default kernel image as specified in grub conf. file
  • So , GRUB just loads and executes Kernel and initrd images


  • Kernel being the heart of O.S.  handles all Operating System Process such as memory management , task scheduling and overall system control
  • Load device drivers for the devices
  • Mount the  root file system as specified in "root=" in grub.conf
  • Executes the /sbin/init program
  • As init is the first program that is executed by linux kernel, it has process ID od 1. Check the process id of the same by ps -ef |grep init' 

INIT Process

  • INIT  decides the Linux Run levels.
  • Execute  ' grep initdefault /etc/inittab ' on your system to find the run level
  • Below are the available Run Levels:
                0 - halt
                1 - Single User mode
                2- Multiuser , without NFS
                3- Full multiuser mode
                4- unused
                5- X11
                6- Reboot
  • Init  identify the default initlevel  from /etc/inittab.


When you boot your linux system , you must have seen  various services getting started like starting sendmail ... OK . these are the run level programs.
As mentioned above, there are 6 run levels in Linux , from run level 0 to run level 6. Run level 0 is for halt or turn off. Run level 1 is mainly used by system administrator and used for system maintains and  repairing process. It is also called single user mode.
Run level 2 is for multi  user mode  without network while Run level 3 is for multi user mode with network.

4 is unused and 5  is for graphical mode and run level 6 is for turn off

Run levels can be identified in linux using directory
#cd  /etc/initatab

  • Depending on your default init level setting, the system will execute the programs from one of the following directories.
    • Run level 0 – /etc/rc.d/rc0.d/
    • Run level 1 – /etc/rc.d/rc1.d/
    • Run level 2 – /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/
    • Run level 3 – /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/
    • Run level 4 – /etc/rc.d/rc4.d/
    • Run level 5 – /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/
    • Run level 6 – /etc/rc.d/rc6.d/
Important files For Linux Boot Sequence"
Boot loader 

Mount NFS  partition table from the /etc/fstab file
Run level it will refers to the /etc/inittab file


Pros and Cons of Motorola Moto G

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Motorola Moto G is one of the highest selling gadget of year 2014. With all the high end features and powerful configuration, phone is completely value for money. At price point of Rs 13,999 for 16 GB version , the phone offers 4.5 inch LCD with resolution of 1280 x 720  and pixel density of 326 ppi. , powerful Qualcomm's Snapdragon processor of 1.2 Ghz , 1 GB RAM and 5 MP camera is decent enough for normal Photography and front camera works absolutely well for video call. I have already posted unboxing of Motorola Moto G when i ordered this phone

Like every thing in this world is not completely perfect, Moto G also have some loopholes.

Pros and Cons of Motorola Moto G:

  • Processor is plus point (1.2 Ghz Snapdragon 400)
  • Latest Android Kit kat 4.4.2
  • Gorilla Glass 3 Protection
  • Dual Sim 

I have found some loopholes in Moto G:
  •  Battery drains off early in case you regularly use 3G on it.
  • Whenever you move from one state to another (on roaming) ,there is problem of signal reception and you have to manually search for signal.
  • In case you like to play FM radio , you can't play it via Loudspeaker (only via earphones)
No second thought, it is still best phone with best features  specs and performance at reasonable price
In case you found any pros or cons do comment below:


[Facebook Spam Alert] Add Ultimate Facebook Friends More Than 500 In A Day

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Hi friends , i just came across a facebook spam that claims to add more than 500 friends in a day.One of my friend just clicked the link  given in that spam and it automatically tagged all of his friends in the comment with the Title as " Thanks Man Its Amazing Today I Added 1000 Friends Just In Seconds Without Getting Blocked Thanks

It comes with a video that shows how to add 500 or 1000 friends without getting blocked and comes with a link  below the video as  Here is the link -- try  pastebin(dom)com /raw.php

If you are tagged in the similar comment spam, please don't click on the link given as it will spread the spam further by tagging all of your friends and claiming to add 500 friends in a day. If any of your friend further try this thinking it to be a legit trick , he will add fuel to fire by further spreading the spam.

facebook comment spam

So , in case you come across any similar spam claiming to add friends or see profile visitors , don't click on the link given in the post as these spams can be infected virus and malwares.

Similar  Facebook Spams:

Cara Penambahan Followers Dan Auto Like 2014



Like , Share this post and let your friends know about this Facebook Spam


Nokia Lumia 630 Dual SIM Review

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Nokia, Subsidiary of  Microsoft Devices group has launched dual SIM version of Nokia Lumia 630. Nokia Lumia 630 is successor of lumia 525 and available in single sim and dual sim version as well. Nokia Lumia 630 has fashionable looks and designed to appeal the youth.The phone is available at price point of around $175 and it lacks two features: one is LED flash and front camera is missing that is a disappointment for camera lovers.

It has 4.5 inch IPS LCD touchscreen with resolution o 854 x 480 pixels.The best thing in this phone is its Brand New O.S : Windows mobile 8.1

Other change in this  phone is the notification center that appear at the top that shows push notifications from third party apps as well. Notifications can be modified under Notifications+actions under settings, you can choose the toggle switches for the apps or utility that is more often used.

Another new feature is that you can change the background , there are few pre installed background you can choose that appears behind the apps tiles.

Specifications and Key Features of Nokia Lumia 630 Dual SIM:

1.   4.5 inches LCD capacitive touchscreen with resolution of 480 x 854 pixels.
2.   Corning Gorilla Glass  3
3.   Microsoft Windows Phone 8.1
4.   RAM : 512 MB
5.   Internal Memory: 8 GB
6.   Memory expandable to 128 GB via microSD
7.   Processor: Qualcomm Snapdragon 400 Quad core 1.2 Ghz  with Adreno 305 GPU
8.   HTML5, FM radio, IM , Push mail
9.   WiFi b/g/n with WiFi hotspot
10.  Camera: 5 MP  , No Flash.
11 Battery: Li-ion 1830 mAh with talktime of  16 hrs  on 2G and 13 hrs on 3G

Price : Nokia Lumia 630 Dual SIM is priced for Rs 11199 on Flipkart

Bottom Line:

Phone has fashionable looks and available in attractive color options but lacks in several features like front camera and LED flash as well as RAM  should have been atleast 1 GB instead of  512 MB. At price point of 7k Motorola Moto E is offering greater specifications compared to this windows phone.


All Samsung Dual Sim Mobile Phones with Price and Features

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Dual Sim Phones have become a necessity these days. Most of the people prefer dual sim phones while purchasing new phone whether it is for normal use or feature packed smartphones.Major name in mobile market,Samsung offers many options for Dual Sim Phones starting from just  1300 INR.

1. Samsung  Metro Duo GT-C3322:

It is a basic level phone with price point of around 3.5k INR, it offers dual sim with  5.58 cm screen with resolution of 320 x 240. The Phone weighs 89  grams and has 2 MP camera,Music Player , FM Radio, Bluetooth and USB 2.0

This Dual Sim is available for Rs 3595 on Amazon and Rs 3550 on Samsung eStore

2.Galaxy Trend GT-S7392MKAINU: 

Dual Sim(GSM + GSM)
Android Jelly bean OS
4 inch touchscreen
3 MP Camera
Micro SD up to 64 GB supported
10 cm TFT touchscreen with resolution of 480 x 800

Rs 6740 on Flipkart
Rs 6800 on Snapdeal

3. Rex 70:

It has 7.62 cm screen size with resolution of 240 x 320 and camera of 2 MP , it available for around 3550 INR on flipkart and if you are planning to buy a dual sim basic phone with multimedia features and touch, Rex 70 is recommended
Rs 3559 on Flipkart.

4. Galaxy Grand:

image caption :
Read the Complete Review of Samsung Galaxy Grand here
Samsung Grand is priced at around 17k INR

Also Read : All Nokia Lumia Series Phones

5.Samsung E1207  /  GT-E1207T :

Available at price point of of Rs 1370, it is the cheapest dual Sim phone available. Only made for Call purpose, it has 3.86 cm TFT with resolution of 128 x 128. Battery of 800 mAH offers talk time of up to 8 hours.

Price: Rs 1370 on Samsung eStore.

6.Samsung Champ Neo Duos  GT-C3262:

Champ Neo is a TFT  Touchscreen phone with  screen size of about 6 cm and resolution of 240 x 320 pixels. It has internal memory of 20 MB, that can be expanded  up to 32 GB via  Micro SD. It weighs 82g and has USB 2.0 and 3.5 mm jack for audio O/P.
Battery  of 1000 mAH is coupled in it that provides talk time of up to 14 hours.

It is available at Price of Rs 3200 on Samsung e-store and Rs 2899 on Flipkart.

7. Samsung Metro  E2252 dual Sim :

Features and Tech. Specs:

It is another basic level dual sim phone from Samsung and comes at price point of Rs 2790. It has 5.08 cm  TFT screen  with resolution of 128 x 160. Battery of 1000 mAh is fitted that offers Standby time of up to 760 hours and Talk time  of up to 11 hours 50 min. It is available in metallic silver colour and has VGA camera. It has USB 2.0 and Micro SD card of up to 32 GB is supported.

Price:  Samsung Metro  E2252 is priced for Rs 2650 on Flipkart.

Read the  Remaining :  All Samsung Galaxy Phones with features and Specs